CurrentGK General Knowledge Civilization

Indian Kingdoms And Empires
Indian Kingdoms And Empires A number of smaller kingdoms, and larger empires flowered and later declined in the Indus River Valley and surrounding region. None of these ever managed to rule the entire region, but some became quite powerful and wealthy.

Buddhism Splits
Buddhism Splits Shortly after the death of the Buddha, disagreements in the doctrines of Buddhism developed. Many followers began to look to the Buddha as a savior and believed that he should be worshiped. Many others felt that they should not worship the Buddha, and looked to him only as a ....
Buddhism Spreads Abroad
Buddhism Spreads Abroad The Buddha spent 45 years traveling throughout India teaching the Four Noble Truths, and the Eightfold Path. Through his efforts, he was able to gain a large following of several thousand disciples. After his death, the Buddha’s followers continued to travel, ....
Nirvana
Nirvana By following the eightfold path, and avoiding evil extremes, the Buddha taught that an individual could achieve nirvana. He taught that nirvana, which in their language meant to blow out a candle, was a state of non-existence.

It was not a place, like heaven, but ....
The Eightfold Path
The Eightfold Path In order to eliminate their desires for worldly things, and thus end the cycle of rebirths, the Buddha taught his people to follow eight principals. These eight principals were to know the truth, resist evil, say nothing that might be hurtful, respect life, free the mind ....
The Four Noble Truths
The Four Noble Truths During these wanderings, Gautama developed a series of what he called the Four Noble Truths. After developing these truths, he began teaching them to his family friends, and eventually to many others. His followers began to call him the Buddha, or “Enlightened ....
Buddhism Arrives
Buddhism Arrives The 500 B.C.’s were a period of religious reform in the Indus River Valley, and surrounding regions. Many religious leaders began to question the long standing Hindu values and teachings. New teachers began to travel, teaching new ideas, and forming new sects and ....
Reincarnation
Reincarnation The Hindus believed that the soul went through a series of rebirths, as it strived to obtain a oneness with the universal spirit, or Brahman Nerguna. They believed that when a person died, they would be reborn again, living many lives, until they perfected themselves. This state ....
Brahman Nerguna
Brahman Nerguna The Upanishads taught that all living things possessed within them a part of a universal spirit. They believed that because all things possessed a part of this spirit, that all living things were sacred, and should not be killed. The Hindus believed that in order for a spirit ....
Sacred Writings
Sacred Writings In addition to the Vedas, other sacred books began to appear. The first of these were the epics of Mahabharata, and Ramayana. Mahabharata is a long epic poem that is over 100,000 versus long. It tells the story of two families, and of their struggle for power, and control over ....

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