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Geographical Location Of India

Geographical Location Of India

Geographical Location of India

Indian Geographical Location

  • Lying between latitude 4' N to 37°6' N and from longitude 68°7' E to 97°25' E, the country is divided into almost equal parts by the Tropic of Cancer (passes from Jabalpur in MP).

  • The southernmost point in Indian Territory, (in Great Nicobar Island) is the Indira Point (6°45'), while Kanyakumari, also known as Cape Comorin, is the southernmost point of Indian mainland. The country thus lies wholly in the northern and eastern hemispheres.

  • The 82°30' E longitude is taken as the Standard Time Meridian of India, as it passes through the middle of India (from Naini, near Allahabad).

Area Geography & Boundaries Geography

  • India stretches 3,214 km from North to South & 2,933 km from East to West.

  • Geography Area of India: 32,87,263 sq. km. Accounts for 2.4% of the total world area and roughly 16% of the world population.

  • Mainland India has a coastline of 6,100 km. Including the Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the coastline measures about 7516.6 km.

  • In India, of the total land mass:
    1. Plains Geography: 43.3%

    2. Plateaus: 27.7%

    3. Hills: 18.6%

    4. Mountains Geography: 10.7%


  • In the South, on the eastern side, the Gulf of Mannar & the Palk Strait separate India from Sri Lanka.

  • Total land neighbours: 7 (Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar).

  • India's Islands include the Andaman & Nicobar Islands in Bay of Bengal and Lakshadweep, Minicoy & Amindive Islands in the Arabian Sea.
Geographical Location of India




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08 Dec, 2019, 03:53:15 AM