CurrentGK -> General Knowledge -> English -> IIFT SAMPLE PAPER

If you find this context important and usefull. We request to all visitors to sheare this with your friends on social networking channels.

IIFT SAMPLE PAPER

IIFT SAMPLE PAPER

IIFT SAMPLE PAPER

In nearly all human populations a majority of individuals can taste the artificially synthesized chemical phenylthiocarbonide (PTC). However, the percentage varies dramatically--from as low as 60% in India to as high as 95% in Africa. That this polymorphism is observed in non-human primates as well indicates a long evolutionary history which, although obviously not acting on PTC, might reflect evolutionary selection for taste discrimination of other, more significant bitter substances, such as certain toxic plants.

A somewhat more puzzling human polymorphism is the genetic variability in earwax, or cerumen, which is observed in two varieties. Among European populations 90% of individuals have a sticky yellow variety rather than a dry, gray one, whereas in northern China these numbers are approximately the reverse. Perhaps like PTC variability, cerumen variability is an incidental expression of something more adaptively significant. Indeed, the observed relationship between cerumen and odorous bodily secretions, to which non-human primates and, to a lesser extent humans, pay attention suggests that during the course of human evolution genes affecting body secretions, including cerumen, came under selective influence.

Questions
  1. It can be inferred from the passage that human populations vary considerably in their

    (1)

    sensitivity to certain bodily odors

    (2)

    ability to assimilate artificial chemicals

    (3)

    vulnerability to certain toxins found in plants

    (4)

    ability to discern bitterness in taste


  2. Which of the following provides the most reasonable explanation for the assertion in the first paragraph that evolutionary history "obviously" did not act on PTC?

    (1)

    PTC is not a naturally occurring chemical but rather has been produced only recently by scientists.

    (2)

    Most humans lack sufficient taste sensitivity to discriminate between PTC and bitter chemicals occurring naturally.

    (3)

    Variability among humans respecting PTC discrimination, like variability respecting earwax, cannot be explained in terms of evolutionary adaptivity.

    (4)

    Unlike non-human primates, humans can discriminate intellectually between toxic and non-toxic bitter substances.


  3. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?

    (1)

    Artificially synthesized chemicals might eventually serve to alter the course of evolution by desensitizing humans to certain tastes and odors.

    (2)

    Some human polymorphisms might be explained as vestigial evidence of evolutionary adaptations that still serve vital purposes in other primates.

    (3)

    Sensitivity to taste and to odors have been subject to far greater natural selectivity during the evolution of primates than previously thought.

    (4)

    Polymorphism among human populations varies considerably from region to region throughout the world.


  4. It can be inferred from the passage that

    (1)

    The amount of bodily odours and secretion that take place reduce at each stage of evolution.

    (2)

    The extent of attention paid by non-human primates to body secretions is much higher than that of the more evolved human species.

    (3)

    Artificially sythesized chemicals have impaired the extent of sensitivity that human beings have to body secretions.

    (4)

    All of these

Correct Answers

1. (4) 2. (1) 3. (2) 4. (2)
  Explanations

1.     The doubt would have been between Answer choice (1) and (4). While the passage states about the amount of odorous bodily secretion the Answer choice (1) talks about the sensitivity to such secretions.

3.     Choice (3) talks about sensitivity to odors, while the passage talks about the secretions and not the sensitivity to them. Choice (4) talks about regional variation to polymorphism as the central idea of the passage, while the central idea is about polymorphism in general and how it has changed with evolution.

 

There are five words which are capitalized in the following five questions. From amongst the four alternatives, choose the best answer whose meaning is closest to the meaning of the word in question.

  Questions
  1. RHINOPHYTONECROPHILIA
    (1) Romancing the dead
    (2) One who is love with the undertaker
    (3) One who likes smelling dead plants and flowers
    (4) One who summons ghosts

  2. PLEONASM
    (1) Tautological
    (2) Chimerical
    (3) Episodic
    (4) Prismatic

  3. APOTHECARY
    (1) Planet close to the Sun
    (2) Star closest to Earth
    (3) Coat hanger
    (4) Pharmacy

  4. NOSEGAY
    (1) Olfactory sensation
    (2) A bouquet of flowers
    (3) Obnoxious person
    (4) Pungent smelling

  5. UNGUENT
    (1) An ointment or medicinal application
    (2) Uncle like
    (3) Soporific
    (4) Sophomoric

Correct Answers

1. (3) 2. (1) 3. (4) 4. (2) 5. (1)




Tags


#

01 Oct, 2020, 05:39:46 AM