THE PRINCETON REVIEW CAT SAMPLE PAPER 1
INSTRUCTIONS – Please read these carefully before attempting the test
1. This test is based on pattern of previous years’ CAT papers.
2. There are three sections.
Section 1- English & Reading Comprehension (50 questions)
Section 2- Quantitative Ability & Data Interpretation (50 questions)
Section 3- Data Interpretation & Data Sufficiency (50 questions)
3. The total time allotted is 2 hours exactly. Please note your start time and end
time on the answer sheet. Do not take more than 2 hours, or you will get a
4. Please fill all the details, as asked on top of the answer sheet.
5. Please try to maximize your attempt overall, but you need to do well in all
6. There is 1 mark for every right answer and 0.25 negative mark for every
7. There is no sectional time limit.
8. Since it is a time constrained test and you have 2 hours, and all questions carry
equal marks, please do not get stuck on any question, move fast to try and do
9. Please do all scratch work on paper only, no extra sheets to be used. Put all
your answers on the answer sheet.
10. Relax. You are competing against yourself.
Number of Questions: 50
DIRECTIONS for Questions 1 to 5: In each of the questions, four different ways of presenting an idea are
given. Choose the one that conforms most closely to standard English usage.
1. A. We are forced to fall back on fatalism as an explanation of irrational events.
B. We are forced to falling back on the fatalism as an explanation of irrational events.
C. We are forced to fall back on fatalism as explanations of irrational events.
D. We are forced to fall back to fatalism as an explanation of irrational events.
 A  B  C  D
2. A. Creativity in any field is regarded not only as valuable for itself but also as a service to the
B. Creativity in any field is not regarded only as valuable on its own, but also as a service to the
C. Creativity, in any field, is not only regarded as valuable, but also as a service to the nation. 
D. Creativity in any field is regarded not only as valuable in itself but also as a service to the
 A  B  C  D
3. A. The running of large businesses consist of getting somebody to make something that somebody
else sold to somebody else for more than its cost.
B. The running of a large business consists of getting somebody to make something that
somebody else will sell to somebody else for more than it costs.
C. The running of a large business consists of getting somebody to sell something that somebody
else made for more than it cost.
D. The running of large businesses consist of getting somebody to make something else that
somebody else will sell to somebody else for more than it costs.
 A  B  C  D
4. A. From the sixteenth century onwards, people started feeling disdainful and self-conscious about
their body and its products that led to a heightened focus on emotional and bodily regulations.
B. The heightened focus on controlling the body and emotions comes from disdain and self-
consciousness about the body and its products, found in the sixteenth century.
C. From the sixteenth century onwards, a growing disdain for and self-consciousness about the
body and its products took hold, leading to a heightened focus on emotional and bodily regulation.
D. The heightened focus on emotional and bodily regulations started from the sixteenth century
onwards, when people felt disdain and self-consciousness about the body and its products.
 A  B  C  D
5. A. If precision of thought had facilitated precision of behaviour, and if reflection had preceded
action, it would be ideal for humans.
B. It would be ideal for humans if reflection preceded action and precision of thought facilitated
precision of behaviour.
C. It would be ideal for humans if precedence of reflection was followed by action and precision
of thought, by precise behaviour.
D. It would have been ideal for humans, if precise action and behaviour preceded precise
 A  B  C  D
Directions for Questions 6 to 10: In each question, the word at the top of the table is used in four different
ways, numbered 1 to 4. Choose the option in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT or
 The newborn baby was a bundle of joy for the family.
 Mobile operators are offering a bundle of additional benefits.
 He made a bundle in the share market.
 It was sheer luck that brought a bundle of boy-scouts to where I was lying wounded.
 If you host the party, who will foot the bill?
 Kerala’s forests are host to a range of snakes.
 Ranchi will play the host to the next national film festival.
 A virus has infected the host computer.
 He is distinct about what is right and what is wrong.
 Mars became distinct on the horizon in the month of August.
 The distinct strains of Ravi’s violin could be heard above the general din.
 Ghoshbabu’s is a distinct case of water rising above its own level.
 What sort of cheese do you use in pizza?
 Farmers of all sort attended the rally.
 They serve tea of a sort on these trains.
 Let’s sort these boys into four groups.
 Everyone appreciated the headmaster’s implication in raising flood relief in the village.
 This letter will lead to the implication of several industrialists in the share market scam.
 Several members of the audience missed the implication of the minister’s promise.
 Death, by implication, is the only solution the poem offers the reader.
DIRECTIONS for Questions 11 to 15: The sentences given in each question, when properly sequenced,
form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of
sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.
11. A. Surrendered, or captured, combatants cannot be incarcerated in razor wire cages; this ‘war’ has
a dubious legality.
B. How can then one characterize a conflict to be waged against a phenomenon as war?
C. The phrase ‘war against terror’, which has passed into the common lexicon, is a huge
D. Besides, war has a juridical meaning in international law, which has confided the laws of war,
imbuing them with a humanitarian content.
E. Terror is a phenomenon, not an entity – either State or non-State.
 ECDBA  BECDA  EBCAD  CEBDA
12. A. I am much more intolerant of a human being’s shortcomings than I am of an animal’s, but in
this respect I have been lucky, for most of the people I have come across have been charming.
B. Then you come across the unpleasant human animal – the District Officer who drawled, ‘We
chaps are here to help you chaps,’ and then proceeded to be as obstructive as possible.
C. In these cases of course, the fact that you are an animal collector helps; people always seem
delighted to meet someone with such an unusual occupation and go out of their way to assist you.
D. Fortunately, these types are rare, and the pleasant ones I have met more than compensated for
them – but even so, I think I will stick to animals.
E. When you travel round the world collecting animals you also, of necessity, collect human
 EA CBD  ABDCE  ECBDA  ACBDE
13. A. Four days later, Oracle announced its own bid for PeopleSoft, and invited the firm's board to a
B. Furious that his own plans had been endangered, PeopleSoft's boss, Craig Conway, called
Oracle's offer "diabolical", and its boss, Larry Ellison, a “sociopath".
C. In early June, PeopleSoft said that it would buy J .D. Edwards, a smaller rival.
D. Moreover, said Mr. Conway, he “could imagine no price nor combination of price and other
conditions to recommend accepting the offer."
E. On June 12th, PeopleSoft turned Oracle down.
 CABDE  CADBE  CEDAB  CAEBD
14. A. A few months ago I went to Princeton University to see what the young people who are going
to be running our country in a few decades are like.
B. I would go to sleep in my hotel room around midnight each night, and when I awoke, my
mailbox would be full of replies—sent at 1:15 a.m., 2:59 a.m., 3:23 a.m.
C. One senior told me that she went to bed around two and woke up each morning at seven; she
could afford that much rest because she had learned to supplement her full day of work bystudying in her sleep.
D. Faculty members gave me the names of a few dozen articulate students, and I sent them e-
mails, inviting them out to lunch or dinner in small groups.
E. As she was falling asleep she would recite a math problem or a paper topic to herself; she
would then sometimes dream about it, and when she woke up, the problem might be solved.
 DABCE  DACEB  ADBCE  AECBD
15. A. To avoid this, the QWERTY layout put the keys most likely to be hit in rapid succession on
opposite sides. This made the keyboard slow, the story goes, but that was the idea.
B. A different layout, which had been patented by August Dvorak in 1936, was shown to be much
C. The QWERTY design (patented by Christopher Sholes in 1868 and sold to Remington in 1873)
aimed to solve a mechanical problem of early typewriters.
D. Yet the Dvorak layout has never been widely adopted, even though (with electric typewriters
and then PCs) the anti-jamming rationale for QWERTY has been defunct for years.
E. When certain combinations of keys were struck quickly, the type bars often jammed.
 BDACE  CEABD  BCDEA  CAEBD
DIRECTIONS for Questions 16 to 20: There are two gaps in each of the following sentences. From the
pairs of words given, choose the one that fills the gaps most appropriately. The first word in the pair should
fill the first gap.
16. Early _____ of maladjustment to college culture is _____ by the tendency to develop friendship
networks outside college which mask signals of maladjustment.
 treatment, compounded  detection, facilitated
 identification, complicated  prevention, helped
17. The British retailer, M&S, today formally _____ defeat in its attempt to _____ King's, its US
subsidiary, since no potential purchasers were ready to cough up the necessary cash.
 admitted, acquire  conceded, offload
 announced, dispose  ratified, auction
18. Companies that try to improve employees' performance by _____ rewards encourage negative
kinds of behaviour instead of _____ a genuine interest in doing the work well.
 giving, seeking  bestowing, discouraging
 conferring, discrediting  withholding, fostering
19. A growing number of these expert professionals ________ having to train foreigners as the
students end up _____ the teachers who have to then unhappily contend with no jobs at all or new
jobs with drastically reduced pay packets.
 resent, replacing  resist, challenging
 welcome, assisting  are, supplanting
20. The _____ regions of Spain all have unique cultures, but the _____ views within each region make
the issue of an acceptable common language of instruction an even more contentious one.
 different, discrete  distinct, disparate
 divergent, distinct  different, competing
DIRECTIONS for Questions 21 to 25: The poem given below is followed by five questions. Choose the
best answer to each question.
As you set out for Ithaka
hope the journey is a long one,
full of adventure, full of discovery.
Laistrygonians and Cyclops,
angry Poseidon - don't be afraid of them:
you'll never find things like that on your way
as long as you keep your thoughts raised high,
as long as a rare excitement
stirs your spirit and your body.
Laistrygonians and Cyclops,
wild Poseidon - you won't encounter them
unless you bring them along inside your soul,
unless your soul sets them up in front of you.
Hope the voyage is a long one,
may there be many a summer morning when,
with what pleasure, what joy,
you come into harbours seen for the first time;
may you stop at Phoenician trading stations
to buy fine things,
mother of pearl and coral, amber and ebony,
sensual perfume of every kind -
as many sensual perfumes as you can;
and may you visit many Egyptian cities
to gather stores of knowledge from their scholars.
Keep Ithaka always in your mind.
Arriving there is what you are destined for.
But do not hurry the journey at all.
Better if it lasts for years,
so you are old by the time you reach the island,
wealthy with all you have gained on the way,
not expecting Ithaka to make you rich.
Ithaka gave you the marvellous journey,
without her you would not have set out.
She has nothing left to give you now.
And if you find her poor, Ithaka won't have fooled you.
Wise as you will have become, so full of experience,
you will have understood by then what these Ithakas mean.
21. Which of the following best reflects the central theme of this poem?
 If you don't have high expectations, you will not be disappointed.
 Don't rush to your goal; the journey is what enriches you.
 The longer the journey the greater the experiences you gather.
 You cannot reach Ithaka without visiting Egyptian ports.
22. The poet recommends a long journey. Which of the following is the most comprehensive reason
for i t?
 You can gain knowledge as well as sensual experience.
 You can visit new cities and harbours.
 You can experience the full range of sensuality.
 You can buy a variety of fine things.
23. In the poem, Ithaka is a symbol of
 the divine mother.  your inner self.
 the path to wisdom.  life's distant goal.
24. What does the poet mean by 'Laistrygonians' and 'Cyclops'?
 Creatures which, along with Poseidon, one finds during a journey.
 Mythological characters that one should not be afraid of.
 Intra -personal obstacles that hinder one’ s journey.
 Problems that one has to face to derive the most from one's journey.
25. Which of the following best reflects the tone of the poem?
 Prescribing.  Exhorting.  Pleading.  Consoling.
DIRECTIONS for Questions 26 to 50: Each of the five passages given below is followed by five
questions. Choose the best answer to each question.
The controversy over genetically-modified food continues unabated in the West. Genetic modification
(GM) is the science by which the genetic material of a plant is altered, perhaps to make it more resistant to
pests or killer weeds, or to enhance its nutritional value. Many food biotechnologists claim that GM will be
a major contribution of science to mankind in the 21st century. On the other hand, large numbers of
opponents, mainly in Europe, claim that the benefits of GM are a myth propagated by multinational
corporations to increase their profits, that they pose a health hazard, and have therefore called for
governments to ban the sale of genetically-modified food.
The anti-GM campaign has been quite effective in Europe, with several European Union member countries imposing a virtual ban for five years over genetically-modified food imports. Since the genetically-
modified food industry is particularly strong in the United States of America, the controversy also
constitutes another chapter in the US-Europe skirmishes which have become particularly acerbic after the
US invasion of Iraq.
To a large extent, the GM controversy has been ignored in the Indian media, although Indian
biotechnologists have been quite active in GM research. Several groups of Indian biotechnologists have
been working on various issues connected with crops grown in India. One concrete achievement which has
recently figured in the news is that of a team led by the former vice-chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru
University, Asis Datta—it has successfully added an extra gene to potatoes to enhance the protein content
of the tuber by at least 30 percent. Not surprisingly, the new potato has been called the protato. The protato
is now in its third year of field trials. It is quite likely that the GM controversy will soon hit the headlines in
India since a spokesperson of the Indian Central government has recently announced that the government
may use the protato in its midday meal programme for schools as early as next year.
Why should "scientific progress", with huge potential benefits to the poor and malnourished, be so
controversial? The anti-GM lobby contends that pernicious propaganda has vastly exaggerated the benefits
of GM and completely evaded the costs which will have to be i ncurred if the genetically-modified food
industry is allowed to grow unchecked. In particular, they allude to different types of costs.
This group contends that the most important potential cost is that the widespread distribution and growth of
genetically-modified food will enable the corporate world (alias the multinational corporations—MNCs) to
completely capture the food chain. A "small" group of biotech companies will patent the transferred genes
as well as the technology associated with them. They wi ll then buy up the competing seed merchants and
seed-breeding centres, thereby controlling the production of food at every possible level. Independent
farmers, big and small, will be completely wiped out of the food industry. At best, they will be reduced to
the status of being subcontractors.
This line of argument goes on to claim that the control of the food chain will be disastrous for the poor since the MNCs, guided by the profit motive, will only focus on the high-value food items demanded by
the affluent. Thus, in the long run, the production of basic staples which constitute the food basket of the
poor will taper off. However, this vastly overestimates the power of the MNCs. Even if the research
promoted by them does focus on the high-value food items, much of biotechnology research is also funded
by governments in both developing and developed countries. Indeed, the protato is a by-product of this type
of research. If the protato passes the field trials, there is no reason to believe that it cannot be marketed in
the global potato market. And this type of success story can be repeated with other basic food items.
The second type of cost associated with the genetically-modified food industry is environmental damage.
The most common type of "genetic e ngineering" involves gene modification in plants designed to make
them resistant to applications of weed-killers. This then enables farmers to use massive dosages of weed-
killers so as to destroy or wipe out all competing varieties of plants in their fields. However, some weeds
through genetically-modified pollen contamination may acquire resistance to a variety of weed-killers. The
only way to destroy these weeds is through the use of ever-stronger herbicides which are poisonous and
linger on in the environment.
26. The author doubts the anti-GM lobby's contention that MNC control of the food chain will be
disastrous for the poor because
 MNCs will focus on high-value food items.
 MNCs are driven by the motive of profit maximization.
 MNCs are not the only group of actors in genetically-modified food research.
 economic development will help the poor buy MNC-produced food.
27. Using the clues in the passage, which of the following countries would you expect to be in the
forefront of the anti-GM campaign?
 USA and Spain.  India and Iraq.
 Germany and France.  Australia and New Zealand.
28. Genetic modification makes plants more resistant to killer weeds. However, this can lead to
environmental damage by
 wiping out competing varieties of plants which now fall prey to killer weeds.
 forcing application of stronger herbicides to kill weeds which have become resistant to weak
 forcing application of stronger herbicides to keep the competing plants weed-free.
 not allowing growth of any weeds, thus reducing soil fertility.
29. Which of the following about the Indian media's coverage of scientific research does the passage
seem to suggest?
 Indian media generally covers a subject of scientific importance when its mass application is
 Indian media's coverage of scientific research is generally dependent on MNCs' interests.
 Indian media, in partnership with the government, is actively involved in publicizing the
results of scientific research.
 Indian media only highlights scientific research which is funded by the government.
30. According to the passage, biotechnology research
 is of utility only for high value food items.
 is funded only by multinational corporations.
 allows multinational corporations to control the food basket of the poor.
 is funded mainly by the government of both the rich and poor countries.
Social life is an outflow and meeting of personality, which means that its end is the meeting of
temperament, and sensibility, in which our thoughts and feelings, and sense perceptions are brought into
their lightest and yet keenest.
This aspect, to my thinking, is realized as much in large parties composed of casual acquaintances
strangers, as in intimate meetings of old friends. I am not one of those superior persons who hold cocktail
in contempt, looking upon them as barren or at best as very tryingly kaleidoscopic places for gathering, of
the strangers one has to meet in them; which is no argument, for even our most intimate friends must at one
time have been strangers to us. These large gatherings will be only what we make of them—if not better,
they can be as good places to collect new friends from as the slave-markets of Istanbul were for slaves or
New Market for race horses.
But they do offer more immediate enjoyment. For one thing, in them one can see the external expression
life in appearance and behaviour at its widest and most varied—where one can admire beauty of body or
voices remarkable either for sweetness or refinement, look on elegance of clothes or deportment. What
these parties are schools for training in sociability, for in them we have to treat strangers as friends. So, in
them we see social sympathy in widest commonalty spread, or at least should. We show an atrophy of the
natural human instinct of getting pleasure and happiness out of other human beings if we cannot treat
strangers for the moment. And I would go further and paraphrase Pater to say that not to be able to
discriminate every moment some passionate attitude in those about us, even when we meet them casually,
is on this short day of frost and sun which our life is, to sleep before evening.
So, it will be seen that my conception of social life is modest, for it makes no demands on what we have,
thought it does make some on what we are. Interest, wonder, sympathy, and love, the first two leading to
the last the psychological prerequisites for social life; and the need for the first two must not be underrated.
We make the most even of our intimate social life unless we are able to make strangers of our oldest friends
by discovering unknown areas in their personality, and transform them into new friends. In sum, social life
is a function of vitality
It is tragic, however, to observe that it is these very natural springs of social life which are drying up among
us. It is becoming more and more difficult to come across fellow-feeling for human beings as such in our
society – and in all its strata. In the poor middle class, in the course of all my life, I have hardly seen any
social life so-called. Not only has the grinding routine of making a living killed all desire for it in them, it
generated a standing mood of peevish hostility to other human beings. Increasing economic distress in
recent years has infinitely worsened this state of affairs, and has also brought a sinister addition—class
hatred, become the greatest collective emotional enjoyment of the poor middle class, and indeed they feel
more when they form a pack, and snarl or howl at people who are better off than they.
Their most innocent exhibition of sociability is seen when they spill out from their intolerable homes streets
and bazaars. I was astonished to see the milling crowds in the poor suburbs of Calcutta. But even there a
group of flippant young loafers would put on a conspiratorial look if they saw a man in good clothes pass
them either on foot or in a car. I had borrowed a car from a relative to visit a friend in one of these suburbs
he became very anxious when I had not returned before dusk. Acid and bombs, he said, were thrown almost
every evening in that area. I was amazed. But I also know as a fact that my brother was blackmailed to pay
five rupees on a trumped up charge when passing in a car through one such locality.
The situation is differently inhuman, but not a whit more human, among the well-to-do. Kindliness for
fellow-human beings has been smothered in them, taken as a class, by the arrogance of worldly position,
which among the Bengalis who show this snobbery is often only a third-class position.
31. The word 'they' in the first sentence of the third paragraph refers to
 Large parties consisting of casual acquaintances and strangers.
 Intimate meetings of old friends.
 New friends.
 Both l & 2.
32. The author's conception of 'social life' requires that
 people attend large gatherings.
 people possess qualities like wonder and interest.
 people do not spend too much time in the company of intimate friends.
 large parties consist of casual acquaintances and intimate friends.
33. In this passage the author is essentially
 showing how shallow our social life is.
 poking fun at the lower middle class people who howl at better off people.
 lamenting the drying up of our real social life.
 criticizing the upper class for lavish showy parties.
34. The word 'discriminate' in the last sentence of the third paragraph means
 recognise.  count.  distinguish.  analyse.
35. What is the author trying to show through the two incidents in the paragraph beginning, "Their
most innocent exhibition of sociability...?”
 The crowds in poor Calcutta suburbs can turn violent without any provocation.
 Although poor, the people of poor Calcutta suburbs have a rich social life .
 It is risky for rich people to move around in poor suburbs.
 Achieving a high degree of sociability does not stop the poor from hating the rich.
At the heart of the enormous boom in wine consumption that has taken place in the English-speaking world
over the last two decades or so is a fascinating, happy paradox. In the days when wine was exclusively the
preserve of a narrow cultural elite, bought either at auctions or from gentleman wine merchants in wing
collars and bow-ties, to be stored in rambling cellars and decanted to order by one's butler, the ordinary
drinker didn't get a look-in. Wine was considered a highly technical subject, in which anybody without the
necessary ability could only fall flat on his or her face in embarrassment. It wasn't just that you needed a refined aesthetic sensibility for the stuff if it wasn't to be hopelessly wasted on you. It required an intimate
knowledge of what came from where, and what it was supposed to taste like.
Those were times, however, when wine appreciation essentially meant a familiarity with the great French
classics, with perhaps a smattering of other wines—like sherry and port. That was what the wine trade dealt
in. These days, wine is bought daily in supermarkets and high-street chains to be consumed that evening,
hardly anybody has a cellar to store it in and most don't even possess a decanter. Above all, the wines of
literally dozens of countries are available on our market. When a supermarket offers its customers a couple
of fruity little numbers from Brazil, we scarcely raise an eyebrow.
It seems, in other words, that the commercial jungle that wine has now become has not in the slightest
deterred people from plunging adventurously into the thickets in order to taste and see. Consumers are no
longer intimidated by the thought of needing to know their Pouilly-Fume from their Pouilly-Fuisse, just at
the very moment when there is more to know than ever before.
The reason for this new mood of confidence is not hard to find. It is on every wine label from Australia,
New Zealand, South Africa and the United States: the name of the grape from which the wine is made. At
one time that might have sounded like a fairly technical approach in itself. Why should native English-
speakers know what Cabernet Sauvignon or Chardonnay were? The answer lies in the popularity that wines
made from those grape varieties now enjoy. Consumers effectively recognize them as brand names, and
have acquired a basic lexicon of wine that can serve them even when confronted with those Brazilian
In the wine heartlands of France, they are scared to death of that trend—not because they think their wine
isn't as good as the best from California or South Australia (what French winemaker will ever admit that?)
but because they don't traditionally call their wines Cabernet Sauvignon or Chardonnay. They call them
Chateau Ducru-Beaucaillou or Corton-Charlemagne, and they aren't about to change. Some areas, in the
middle of southern France, have now produced a generation of growers using the varietal names on their
labels and are tempting consumers back to French wine. It will be an uphill struggle, but there is probably
no other way if France is to avoid simply becoming a specialty source of old-fashioned wines for old-
Wine consumption was also given a significant boost in the early 1990s by the work of Dr. Serge Renaud,
who has spent many years investigating the reasons for the uncannily low incidence of coronary heart
disease in the south of France. One of his major findings is that the fat-derived cholesterol that builds up in
the arteries and can eventually lead to heart trouble, can be dispersed by the tannins in wine. Tannin is
derived from the skins of grapes, and is therefore present in higher levels in red wines, because they have to
be infused with their skins to attain the red colour. That news caused a huge upsurge in red wine
consumption in the United States. It has not been accorded the prominence it deserves in the UK, largely
because the medical profession still sees all alcohol as a menace to health, and is constantly calling for it to
be made prohibitively expensive. Certainly, the manufacturers of anticoagulant drugs might have
something to lose if we all got the message that we would do just as well by our hearts by taking half a
bottle of red wine every day!
36. Which one of the following CANNOT be reasonably attributed to the labelling strategy followed
by wine producers in English-speaking countries?
 Consumers buy wines on the basis of their familiarity with a grape variety's name.
 Even ordinary customers now have more access to technical knowledge about wine.
 Consumers are able to appreciate better quality wines.
 Some non-English speaking countries like Brazil indicate grape variety names on their labels.
37. The tone that the author uses while asking "What French winemaker will ever admit that?" is best
 caustic.  satirical.  critical.  hypocritical.
38. What according to the author should the French do to avoid becoming a producer of merely old-
 Follow the labelling strategy of the English-speaking countries.
 Give their wines English names.
 Introduce fruity wines as Brazil has done.
 Produce the wines that have become popular in the English-speaking world.
39. Which one of the following, if true, would provide most support for Dr. Renaud's findings about
the effect of tannins?
 A survey showed that film celebrities based in France have a low incidence of coronary heart
 Measurements carried out in southern France showed red wine drinkers had significantly
higher levels of coronary heart incidence than white wine drinkers did.
 Data showed a positive association between sales of red wine and incidence of coronary heart
 Long-term surveys in southern France showed that the incidence of coronary heart disease was
significantly lower in red wine drinkers than in those who did not drink red wine.
40. The development which has created fear among winemakers in the wine heartlands of France is
 tendency not to name wines after the grape varieties that are used in the wines.
 'education' that consumers have derived from wine labels from English-speaking countries.
 new generation of local winegrowers who use labels that show names of grape varieties.
 ability of consumers to understand a wine's qualities when confronted with "Brazilian
Right through history, imperial powers have clung to their possessions to death. Why, then, did Britain in
1947 give up the jewel in its crown, India? For many reasons. The independence struggle exposed the
hollowness of the white man's burden. Provincial self-rule since 1935 paved the way for full self-rule.
Churchill resisted independence, but the Labour government of Atlee was anti-imperialist by ideology.
Finally, the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in 1946 raised fears of a second Sepoy mutiny, and convinced
Britis h waverers that it was safer to withdraw gracefully. But politico-military explanations are not enough.
The basis of empire was always money. The end of empire had much to do with the fact that British
imperialism had ceased to be profitable. World War II left Britain victorious but deeply indebted, needing
Marshall Aid and loans from the World Bank. This constituted a strong financial case for ending the no-
Empire building is expensive. The US is spending one billion dollars a day in operations in Iraq that fall
well short of full-scale imperialism. Through the centuries, empire building was costly, yet constantly
undertaken because it promised high returns. The investment was in armies and conquest. The returns came
through plunder and taxes from the conquered.
No immorality was attached to imperial loot and plunder. The biggest conquerors were typically revered
(hence titles like Alexander the Great, Akbar the Great, and Peter the Great). The bigger and richer the
empire, the m ore the plunderer was admired. This mindset gradually changed with the rise of new ideas
about equality and governing for the public good, ideas that culminated in the French and American
revolutions. Robert Clive was impeached for making a little money on the side, and so was Warren
Hastings. The white man's burden came up as a new moral rationale for conquest. It was supposedly for the good of the conquered. This led to much muddled hypocrisy. On the one hand, the empire needed to be
profitable. On the other hand, the white man's burden made brazen loot impossible.
An additional factor deterring loot was the 1857 Sepoy Mutiny. Though crushed, it reminded the British
vividly that they were a tiny ethnic group who could not rule a gigantic subcontinent without the support of
important locals. After 1857, the British stopped annexing one princely state after another, and instead
treated the princes as allies. Land revenue was fixed in absolute terms, partly to prevent local unrest and
partly to promote the notion of the white man's burden. The empire proclaimed itself to be a protector of
the Indian peasant against exploitation by Indian elites. This was denounced as hypocrisy by nationalists
like Dadabhoy Naoroji in the 19th century, who complained that land taxes led to an enormous drain from
India to Britain. Objective calculations by historians like Angus Maddison suggest a drain of perhaps 1.6
percent of Indian Gross National Product in the 19th century.
But land revenue was more or less fixed by the Raj in absolute terms, and so its real value diminished
rapidly with inflation in the 20th century. By World War II, India had ceased to be a profit centre for the
Historically, conquered nations paid taxes to finance fresh wars of the conqueror. India itself was asked to
pay a large sum at the end of World War I to help repair Britain's finances. But, as shown by historian
Indivar Kamtekar, the independence movement led by Gandhiji changed the political landscape, and made
mass taxation of India increasingly difficult. By World War II, this had become politically impossible. Far
from taxing India to pay for World War II, Britain actually began paying India for its contribution of men
and goods. Troops from white dominions like Australia, Canada and New Zealand were paid for entirely by
these countries, but Indian costs were shared by the British government. Britain paid in the form of non-
convertible sterling balances, which mounted swiftly. The conqueror was paying the conquered,
undercutting the profitability on which all empire is founded. Churchill opposed this, and wanted to tax
India rather than owe it money. But he was overruled by India hands who said India would resist payment,
and paralyze the war effort. Leo Amery, Secretary of State f or India, said that when you are driving in a
taxi to the station to catch a life-or-death train, you do not loudly announce that you have doubts whether to
pay the fare. Thus, World War II converted India from a debtor to a creditor with over one billion pounds
in sterling balances. Britain, meanwhile, became the biggest debtor in the world. It's not worth ruling over
people you are afraid to tax.
41. Which of the following was NOT a reason for the emergence of the 'white man's burden' as a new
rationale for empire-building in India?
 The emergence of the idea of the public good as an element of governance.
 The decreasing returns from imperial loot and increasing costs of conquest
 The weakening of the immorality attached to an emperor's looting behaviour.
 A growing awareness of the idea of equality among peoples.
42. Which one of the following best expresses the main purpose of the author?
 To present the various reasons that can lead to the collapse of an empire and the granting of
independence to the subjects of an empire.
 To point out the critical role played by the 'white man's burden' in making a colonizing power
give up its claims to native possessions.
 To highlight the contradictory impulse underpinning empire building which is a costly
business but very attractive at the same time.
 To illustrate how erosion of the financial basis of an empire supports the granting of
independence to an empire's constituents.
43. What was the main lesson the British learned from the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857?
 That the local princes were allies, not foes.
 That the land revenue from India would decline dramatically.
 That the British were a small ethnic group.
 That India would be increasingly difficult to rule.
44. Which of the following best captures the meaning of the 'white man's burden', as it is used by the
 The British claim to a civilizing mission directed at ensuring the good of the natives.
 The inspiration for the French and American revolutions.
 The resource drain that had to be borne by the home country's white population.
 An imperative that made open looting of resources impossible.
45. Why didn't Britain tax India to finance its World War II efforts?
 Australia, Canada and New Zealand had offered to pay for Indian troops.
 India had already paid a sufficiently large sum during World War I.
 It was afraid that if India refused to pay, Britain's war efforts would be jeopardised.
 The British empire was built on the premise that the conqueror pays the conquered.
Modern science, exclusive of geometry, is a comparatively recent creation and can be said to have
originated with Galileo and Newton. Galileo was the first scientist to recognize clearly that the only way to
further our understanding of the physical world was to resort to experiment. However obvious Galileo's
contention may appear in the light of our present knowledge, it remains a fact that the Greeks, in spite of
their proficiency in geometry, n ever seem to have realized the importance of experiment. To a certain
extent this may be attributed to the crudeness of their instruments of measurement. Still, an excuse of this
sort can scarcely be put forward when the elementary nature of Galileo's experiments and observations is
recalled, Watching a lamp oscillate in the cathedral of Pisa, dropping bodies from the leaning tower of Pisa,
rolling balls down inclined planes, noticing the magnifying effect of water in a spherical glass vase, such
was the nature of Galileo's experiments and observations. As can be seen, they might just as well have been
performed by the Greeks. At any rate, it was thanks to such experiments that Galileo discovered the
fundamental law of dynamics, according to which the acceleration imparted to a body is proportional to the
force acting upon it.
The next advance was due to Newton, the greatest scientist of all time if account be taken of his joint
contributions to mathematics and physics. As a physicist, he was of course an ardent adherent of the
empirical method, but his greatest title to fame lies in another direction. Prior to Newton, mathematics,
chiefly in the form of geometry, had been studied as a fine art without any view to its physical applications
other than in very trivial cases. But with Newton all the resources of mathematics were turned to advantage
in the solution of physical problems. Thenceforth mathematics appeared as an instrument of discovery, the
most powerful one known to man, multiplying the power of thought just as in the mechanical domain the
lever multiplied our physical action. It is this application of mathematics to the solution of physical
problems, this combination of two separate fields of investigation, which constitutes the essential
characteris tic of the Newtonian method. Thus problems of physics were metamorphosed into problems of
But in Newton's day the mathematical instrument was still in a very backward state of development. In this
field again Newton showed the mark of genius by inventing the integral calculus. As a result of this
remarkable discovery, problems, which would have baffled Archimedes, were solved with ease. We know
that in Newton's hands this new departure in scientific method led to the discovery of the law of gravitation.
But here again the real significance of Newton's achievement lay not so much in the exact quantitative
formulation of the law of attraction, as in his having established the presence of law and order at least in
one important realm of nature, namely, in the motions of heavenly bodies. Nature thus exhibited rationality
and was not mere blind chaos and I uncertainty. To be sure, Newton's investigations had been concerned
with but a small group of natural phenomena, but it appeared unlikely that this mathematical law and order
should turn out to be restricted to certain special phenomena; and the feeling was general that all the physical processes of nature would prove to be unfolding themselves according to rigorous mathematical
When Einstein, in 1905, published his celebrated paper on the electrodynamics of moving bodies, he
remarked that the difficulties, which surrounded the equations of electrodynamics, together with the
negative experiments of Michelson and others, would be obviated if we extended the validity of the
Newtonian principle of the relativity of Galilean motion, which applied solely to mechanical phenomena,
so as to include all manner of phenomena: electrodynamics, optical, etc. When extended in this way the
Newtonian principle of relativity became Einstein's special principle of relativity. Its significance lay in its
assertion that absolute Galilean motion or absolute velocity must ever escape all experimental detection.
Henceforth absolute velocity should be conceived of as p hysical meaningless, not only in the particular
realm of mechanics, as in Newton’s day, but in the entire realm of physical phenomena. Einstein's special
principle, by adding increased emphasis to this relativity of velocity, making absolute velocity
metaphysically meaningless, created a still more profound distinction between velocity and accelerated or
rotational motion. This latter type of motion remained absolute and real as before. It is most important to
understand this point and to realize that Einstein's special principle is merely an extension of the validity of
the classical Newtonian principle to all classes of phenomena.
46. The statement "Nature thus exhibited rationality and was not mere blind chaos and uncertainty"
 problems that had baffled scientists like Archimedes were not really problems.
 only a small group of natural phenomena was chaotic.
 physical phenomena conformed to mathematical laws.
 natural phenomena were evolving towards a less chaotic future.
47. According to the author, why did the Greeks NOT conduct experiments to understand the physical
 Apparently they did not think it necessary to experiment.
 They focused exclusively on geometry.
 Their instruments of measurement were very crude.
 The Greeks considered the application of geometry to the physical world more important.
48. Newton may be considered one of the greatest scientists of all time because he
 discovered the law of gravitation.
 married physics with mathematics.
 invented integral calculus.
 started the use of the empirical method in science. .
49. Which of the following statements about modern science best captures the theme of the passage?
 Modem science rests firmly on the platform built by the Greeks.
 We need to go back to the method of enquiry used by the Greeks to better understand the laws
 Disciplines like Mathematics and Physics function best when integrated into one.
 New knowledge about natural phenomena builds on existing knowledge.
50. The significant implication of Einstein's special principle of relativity is that
 absolute velocity was meaningless in the realm of mechanics.
 Newton's principle of relativity needs to be modified.
 there are limits to which experimentation can be used to understand some physical phenomena.
 it is meaningless to try to understand the distinction between velocity and accelerated or
Number of Questions: 50
DIRECTIONS for Questions 51 to 53: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
Details of the top 20 MBA schools in the US as ranked by US News and World Report, 1997 are given
1 1 3 1 $82,000 98.9 $23,100
Harvard university 2 1 2 4 $80,000 96.4 $23,840
3 1 4 2 $79,000 100.0 $24,956
4 1 4 3 $78,000 98.8 $23,900
5 1 8 10 $65,000 98.4 $23,930
6 1 1 11 $70,000 93.6 $23,025
7 9 10 5 $83,000 96.2 $23,830
8 12 11 6 $70,000 98.3 $23,700
Duke University 9 9 7 8 $67,500 98.5 $24,380
10 7 12 12 $70,000 93.7 $18,788
11 12 9 9 $66,000 98.1 $19,627
Michigan – Ann
12 7 6 14 $65,000 99.1 $23,178
13 16 19 7 $70,583 97.0 $23,554
14 12 18 13 $67,200 96.6 $22,200
Yale University 15 18 17 22 $65,000 91.5 $23,220
North Carolina –
16 16 16 16 $60,000 96.8 $14,333
California – Los
17 9 13 38 $65,000 82.2 $19,431
Texas – Austin
18 18 13 24 $60,000 97.3 $11,614
19 18 20 17 $61,500 95.2 $15,613
Cornell University 20 12 15 36 $64,000 85.1 $23,151
51. Madhu has received admission in all schools listed above. She wishes to select the highest overall
ranked school whose a) annual tuition fee does not exceed $23,000 and b) median starting salary is
at least $70,000. Which school will she select?
 University of Virginia.  University of Pennsylvania
 Northwestern University  University of California - Berkeley.
52. In terms of starting salary and tuition fee, how many schools are uniformly better (higher median
starting salary AND lower tuition fee) than Dartmouth College?
 1  2  3  4
53. How many schools in the list above have single digit rankings on at least 3 of the 4 parameters
(overall ranking, ranking by academics, ranking by recruiters and ranking by placement)?
 10  5  7  8
DIRECTIONS for Questions 54 to 56: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
Table A below provides data about ages of children in a school. For the age given in the first column, the
second column gives the number of children not exceeding that age. For example, first entry indicates that
there are 9 children aged 4 years or less. Tables B and C provide data on the heights and weights
respectively of the same group of children in a similar format. Assuming that an older child is always taller
and weighs more than a younger child, answer the following questions.
54. What is the number of children of age 9 years or less whose height does not exceed 135 cm?
 48  45  3  Cannot be determined
55. How many children of age more than 10 years are taller than 150 cm. and do not weigh more than
 16  40  9  Cannot be determined
56. Among the chil