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Geography - 2000 Mains (Paper - II)

Geography - 2000 Mains (Paper - II)

Geography - 2000 Mains (Paper - II)

Time Allowed : Three Hours
Maximum Marks : 300

INSTRUCTIONS

Each Question is printed both in Hindi and in English.

Answers must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover
of the answer-book in the space provided for the purpose. No mark will be given for answers written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate. Candidates 
should attempt ALL questions strictly in accordance with the instructions given under each question. The 
number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the question.

 

Q. 1 .  Answer any two of the following. (Answer to each question should be in about 150 words) : -                                                                                                                                                           15 x 2 = 30

(a) Discuss Indian-Sri Lankan relations in recent years.

(b) India's Kargil victory rested on its successful effort at combining diplomacy with the use of force. 

Discuss.

(c) Differentiate and state the significance of Pokharan I and Pokharan II.

Q. 2. Answer the following (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words)
                                                                                                                                  2 x 5 = 10

(a) What does track two diplomacy stand for ?

(b) Non-alignment is a need, not a creed, Elaborate.

(c) Differentiate between Peace-making and Peace-keeping.

(d) What is deterrence ?

(e) Why has the indigenous development of Cryogenic Enging become necessary for India ?

Q. 3. Answer the following. (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words)
                                                                                                                                             2 x 5 = 10

(a) What does the Global organisation of people of Indian origin stand for ?

(b) What is the impact of economic sanctions against India on NRIs ?

(c) Why is Fiji crisis of May 19, 2000 a specific concern for India ?

(d) Examine the role of NRIs in the liberalisation process of India.

(e) Mention few NRIs who have brought name and fame for India.

Q. 4. Answer anyone of the following. (Answer should be in about 250 words)                    30

(a) India is rapidly emerging as an Information Technology (IT) Superpower. Discuss some aspects of the 

growth of this Sector in the Indian economy. What role can public policy play in further enhancing growth 

prospects in this Sector ?

(b) Control over growth of population in India is an essential condition for the country's rapid economic 

development. Discuss.

Q. 5. Answer any two of the following. (Answer to each question should be in about 150 words)                                                                                                                                 2 x 15 = 30

(a) Discuss the reasons for the failure of the Seattle Millennium talks on the WTO (World Trade 

Organisation). Discuss some implications of this failure for the Indian economy.

(b) What is (Revised) Targeted Public Distribution System ? What are its main features ?

(c) Discuss the economic effects of Black money (Parallel economy) in Indian economy.

Q. 6. Answer the following. (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words)
                                                                                                                                2 x 15 = 30


(a) What are the main objectives of the 9th Five-Year Plan of the Government of India ?

(b) Write a note on MODVAT Scheme of 1986.

(c) Explain per capita income as a measurement of economic growth.

(d) What are the objectives of Social Security ?

(e) What do you mean by 'Parallel Economy' ?

(f) Describe the use of 'Command Area Development' in India.

(g) What is ICOR (Incremental Capital Output Ratio) ?

(h) What are the main objectives of NABARD ?

(i) What do you know about 11th Finance Commission ?

(j) What do you mean by revenue deficit in the Central Government's Budget ?

(k) How has the Census (1991) defined the Urban Areas ?

(1) What are the objectives of New Economic Policy of the Government of India ?

(m) Write a note on Rao-Manmohan model of development.

(n) What is the rational for 'Mid-day Meal' Scheme ?

(o) What has been the impact of the recent economic reforms programme on the incidence of poverty in 

India ?

Q.7. Answer any two of the following. (Answer to each questions should be in about 150 words) :      -                                                                                                                                                         15 x 2 = 30
(a) Define Globalisation and differentiate it with Internationalism.


(b) There is a wide-spread concern about the degradation of environment and the problems that go with it. 

Assess the international response.

(c) How can India accommodate her foreign policy principle of 'non-intervention' with the emerging right to 

'intervention'

Q. 8. Answer the following. (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words)
                                                                                                                                  2 x 5 = 10


(a) What are the prospects of CTBT ?

(b) Differentiate between Collective security and Cooperative security.

(c) What do the following stand for ?

     (i)  MARV

     (ii) MIRV

     (iii) ICBM

(d) Differentiate between Explosion and Implosion.

(e) What do you know about Siachin Dispute ?


Q. 9.
Answer the following (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words)
                                                                                                                                  2 x 5 = 10

(a) What do the following stand for ?

     (i)  SAARC 

     (ii) ASEAN 

     (iii) OIC

(b) What is meant by SDI ?

(c) Differentiate between SALT and START.

(d) What do you know about G-77 ?

(e) What is Global Environmental Facility (GEF) ?


Q.10.
Answer any one of the following. (Answer should be in about 250 words)                         30

(a) What is the significance of the geostationary orbit ?What would happen if it becomes too crowded ?

(b) Why is the HIV considered so dangerous ? Why has the spread of the virus proved so difficult to contain, especially in the poorer countries of the world ? 


Q. 11.
Answer any two of the following : (Answer to each question should be in about 150 words) 
:                                                                                                                                                       15 x 2 = 30

(a) How are transgenic plants different from hybrid plants and what is their relevance in modern agriculture ? Elaborate.

(b) What are greenhouse gases ? What impact do they have on the Earth's climate and with what consequences ? Elaborate.

(c) What is water harvesting ? Describe its relevance in the Indian context.


Q. 12.
Answer the following : (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words)
                                                                                                                                                   2 x 5 = 10

(a) What does the 'clock speed' of a computer signify ?

(b) What do the following stand for ?

     (i)  http

     (ii) CPU

     (iii) ROM

     (vi) BIOS

(c) What is a modem and what is it used for ?

(d) What is spamming ?

(e) How does a computer virus destroy data ?





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06 Dec, 2019, 21:48:52 PM