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IAS: Public Admiistration Prelims (1997)

IAS: Public Admiistration Prelims (1997)

IAS: Public Admiistration Prelims (1997)

Time Allowed : Two Hours Maximum Marks : 300

 

102. Give the below are two statements one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other labeled as Reason (R)
Assertion (A) : The developing countries bureaucracy plays a dominant role.
Reason (R) : Weber brought out the merits of bureaucratic system. .
In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

103. The 'gangplank' idea is found in the works of
(c) Fayol (b) Follett
(c) Barnard (d) Simon

104.
The classical theory of organisation is known as mechanistic theory because
(a) it does not explain the dynamics of organizational behavior
(b) it establishes a formally declared pattern of relationship
(c) it underestimates human factors and oversimplifies motivation
(d) it treats organization as a closed system

105. Mayo made out a case for skills that are:
(a) human and interactive
(b) social and adaptive
(c) scientific and normative
(d) technical and empirical

106. Given below are two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other labeled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A) : Mayo's recommendations are immensely useful not only in the industrial sector but also in 'the administrative system of a state.
Reason (R) : Human beings in all kinds of Organization have some common social needs, feelings, attitudes and desires.
In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

107. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:
List I (Approaches) List II (Defining Features)
A. Behavioral 1. Descriptive
B. Systems 2. Evolutionary
A. Historic 3. Interact ional
D. Institutional 4. Scientific
A B C D A B C D
(a) 4 3 2 1 (b) 4 3 1 2
(c) 3 4 2 1 (c) 3 4 1 2

108. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:
List I List II
A. Distinction between 1. Herbert A. Simon
obedience and acceptance
B. Distinction between ‘economic 2. Chester Barnard
man' and ‘administrative man'
C. Distinction between 3. F. W. Taylor
‘charismatic' ‘traditional'
and ‘legal rational authority'
D. Distinction between 4. Max Weber
‘principles' and ‘mechanics
of management' 5. H. Fayol
A B C D A B C D
(a) 2 1 4 3 (b) 1 3 5 2
(c) 2 3 4 1 (d) 1 3 2 5

109. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:
List I List II
A. Top-down Theory 1. A H. Maslow
B. Bottom-up Theory 2. F. W. Taylor
C. Self actualization Theory 3. Norbert Wiener
D. Cybernetic Theory 4. C. Barnard
A B C D A B C D
(a) 4 2 3 1 (b) 2 4 1 3
(c) 4 2 1 3 (d) 2 4 3 1

110. Given below are two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other labeled as Reason (R) :
Assertion (A) : In systems approach, the process and the course of action is adapted to suit the requirements of the situation.
Reason (R) : The organization has a social purpose' and is a part of the prevailing environment. In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A .
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

111. Which of the following are implied by Hierarchy?
1. Higher levels cannot take disciplinary action against subordinates.
2. Higher levels have the freedom to carry out the operations.
3. Upper levels set the goals to be pursued.
4. Lower levels take action to pursue the goals.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4 (d) 1 and 4

112. The scalar principle refers to as
(a) classification of civil servants according to their scales of pay
(b) grading of duties according to the degree of authority
(c) organizing the relations between members of 'line' and 'staff agencies
(d) governing the allocation of persons, to the different levels in the hierarchy

113. Given below are two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other 1abeled as Reason (R) :
Assertion (A) : Unity of command means that the entire organization has only one boss and one plan of action to promote efficiency and effectiveness.
Reason (R) : The concept of unity of command is proposed as substitute to the "Functional foremanship"
In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

114. Given below are two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other labeled as Reason (R) .
Assertion (A) : Span of control depends on personal qualities, skills and experience.
Reason (R) : Empirical studies have found that the span of control will be small if organizational units are located at different places.
In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true. but R- is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

115. Which one of the following is NOT a proposition in Theory X ?
(a) Man wishes to avoid responsibility
(b) Man has an inherent liking for work
(c) Man must be coerced for working
(d) Man must be threatened with punishment

116. Who among the following do NOT up hold the acceptance theory of authority ?
1. Taylor
2. Fayol
3. Barnard
4. Simon
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a} l and 2 (b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4 (d) l and 4

117. Given below are .two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other labeled as Reason (R) :
Assertion (A) : Coordination can be achieved by establishing direct Personal contact with the people concerned
Reason (R) : Inter-personal communication facilitates quick resolution of differences.
In the context of the above two statements, which one of. the following is correct?
(a) Both A and R are true .and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

118
. Given below are two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other labeled as Reason (R) :
Assertion (A) : Delegation is not a process of abdication.
Reason (R) : The delegate does not shirk his responsibility.
In the context of the above two statements, Which one of the following is correct?
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A .
(b) Both A and R are true .but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

119 . Given below are two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other labeled as Reason (R) :
Assertion (A) : Supervision involves inspecting the activities of the subordinates so that they work towards the goal of the organization.
Reason (R) : Individuals have a tendency to work for the achievement of their own ends.
In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

120. Given below are two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other labeled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A) : Division between one and Staff cannot be watertight.
Reason (R) :
Authority is more a matter of influence rather than of command.
In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true





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09 Dec, 2019, 16:27:34 PM