IAS Mains Previous Years Paper : Public Administration (1989)
PAPER - I
1. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:
(a) For charisma to be transformed into a permanent routine structure, it is necessary that its anti economic character should be altered. (Weber)
(b) The essence of New Public Administration is “some sort of movement in the direction of normative theory, philosophy, social concern and activism.” (Waldo)
(c) Management of the flow of work upward & downward within human hierarchies and between human hierarchies is the art of administration. (Appleby)
(d) Development administration is “an action oriented goal oriented administrative system.” (Edward Weidner)
2. “Public Administration today stands at the crossroads of public choice theory, pluralism, corporatism and elitism.” Discuss.
3. The prismatic sola model “enables us to cope with many problems of transitional societies....” (Riggs). What are these problems and how can this model enables us to cope with them.
4. (a) Elucidate whether increasing organizational size gives rise to dialectical forces having opposite organization effects.
(b) Argue for and against the Simonian perspective that the “decisional science envelopes decisional structure, decisions and their feedback not in an integrated manner but anything other than that.”
5. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:
(a) “From Taylorism to Mayoism the organization theory has travelled a long road in quest of Organizational Effectiveness.”
(b) “Popular belief is that ownership change from public to private brings about improved performance.”
(c) “Public bureaucracies have not grown yet to adopt their accounting and auditing mechanisms to the ever growing automation within them.”
(d) “Policy process must take account of the political complexion of an authority, demography and the historical pattern of service.”
6. Outline the instrinsic and extrinsic rewards that motivate the public employees to achieve personal and organizational goals.
7. “Administrative Law has the obligation to observe the principles of natural justice and fairness.” Elaborate.
8. (a) Do you think that sudden eruption of ‘Information society’ has adapted and accelerated administrative development?
(b) Give reasons for the failures on the part of bureaucracy and the legislature to supervise the enactment of the budgetary provisions
PAPER - II
1. Comment upon any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:
(a) ‘Lord Ripon’s Resolution of 1882 has been described as the Magna Carta of Local Self- Government in India. It was a Policy Statement and marked a fundamental change in the basic approach.’
(b) ‘The Cabinet Committees provide a useful forum for interface between officials and nonofficials in participatory situation in “Policy Administration” in a Parliamentary Democracy.’
(c) ‘No Statement made by any person to a Police Officer in the course of an investigation shall be signed by the person making it; nor shall any such Statement or any record thereof, be used for any purpose at any enquiry or trial.’
(d) ‘The Office of the Chief Secretary should be rotated among the top Civil Servants in the State Administration.
2. Trace the evolution of Judicial Administration in India during the Mughal and British periods of Indian History and highlight the major landmarks of this evolution from 1774 to 1911.
3. (a) ‘It is high time that the distribution of Central Assistance Under Article 282 of Indian Constitution, (which is entirely or even mainly made on the basis of Semi-Judicial Awards of the Finance Commission) needs to be re-examined in all its implications.’ Why?
(b) ‘As the Panchayati Democracy descends down to the dustings, the Office of the ‘Collector’, like that of the ‘Governor’ tends to become anachronistic in the Federal Political System of India.’ Examine the Statement.
4. Outline in brief the organizational structure and working of the Ministry of Finance or Ministry of Home of the Union Government of India and discuss the role, relationship and relevance of its field organizations.
5. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each
(a) ‘Pricing Policy for Products and Services have to be different for monopolistic, semimonopolistic and competitive kinds of Public Enterprise. A policy of No Profit, No Loss cannot be recommetided as the long-term goal or as a permanent policy for most State Undertakings in India.’
(b) The Ombudsman, The Parliamentary Commissioner, The People’s Procurator General, the Conseil d’etat and the Lokpal represent some of the major experiments in designing “Machinery Grievances.”
(c) ‘The Directorates in the departments of State Administration serve very little functional purpose.
(d) ‘The Parliamentary Control over administration is a misnomer It is like the blade at the top of the Guillotine, which need not fall to be politically effective If accountability to Parliament gets improved, the desire to control by its members will abate.’
6. ‘The Old City owned its vitality to religious and cultural forces as a centre of administration.... The Modern City, however, is an economic phenomenon.’ In the light of the above statement discuss the problems of (a) Suburban Sprawls, (b) Slum Dwelling, and (c) Urban Renewal in Metropolitan areas, high-lighting the Central Issues of (i) structural reorganization, and (ii) functional distribution in City Government.
7. (a) ‘The ultimate picture of the Planning Organization in India has to be a network of planning units in the villages and enterprises, coordinated at successive higher levels by State Planning Commissions, which will ultimately feed the Planning Commission at New Delhi.’ Make out a case for decentraljsed and depoliticized federal planning in India.
(b) ‘The Union Public Service Commission should have an integrative and coordinating role visà- vis State Public Service Commissions in more or less the same way as in the Case of Supreme Court of India vis-à-vis the High Courts in the States. A sound case exists for an institutional linkage between UPSC and SPSCs for evolving a National Policy, a uniform approach and common work procedures.’ Discuss.
8. Evaluate the administrative experience of Rural Development Schemes or Programmes in the area of Social Justice during last two decades. What role should the voluntary agencies play in the administration of Social welfare to ameliorate the conditions of women in the villages?