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If you find this context important and usefull. We request to all visitors to sheare this with your friends on social networking channels.## THEORY OF COMPUTATION

THEORY OF COMPUTATION ## THEORY OF COMPUTATION
a) does not form a group b) forms a noncommutative group c) does not have a right identity d) forms a group if the empty string is removed from S * Q2. Consider the set of all strings S * over an alphabet S ={a,b} with the concatenation operator for strings, and a) the set does forms semigroup b) the set does not form a group c) the set has a left and right identity d) the set forms a monoid Q3. Consider the set of all strings S * over the alphabet S ={a,b,c,d,e} with the concatenation operator for strings. a. the set has a right identity and forms a semigroup b. the set has a left identity and forms a monoid c. the set does not form a commutative group but has an identity d. the set does not form a semigroup with identity Q4. Nobody knows yet if P = NP. Consider the language L defined as follows:L=()+1)* if P = NP And L=j otherwise Which of the following statements is true? a) L is recursive b) L is recursively enumerable but not recursive c) L is not recursively enumerable d) Whether L is recursive or not will be known after we find out if P = NP Q5. Consider the language defined as followsL= {a^n b^n|n>=1} if P=NP And L={ww|w in (a+b)+} otherwise Which of the following statements is true? a) L is recursive but not context sensitive b) L is context sensitive but not context free c) L is context sensitive d) What L is will be known after we resolve the P=NP question Q6. Consider the language defined as followsL=(0+1)* if the CSLs are closed under complement And L=(0*1)*0* if P=NP And L=(10*)1* if P is not the same as NP Which of the following statements is true? a) L is always a regular set b) L does not exist c) L is recursive but not a regular set d) What L is will be known after the two open problems P = NP and the closure of CSLs under complement are resolved Q7. Consider the language defined as followsL=(0+1)* if man goes to Mars by 2020AD And L=0* if man never goes to the Mars Which of the following is true? a. L is context free language but not recursive b. L is recursive c. Whether L is recursive or not will be known in 2020AD d. L is a r.e. set that is not regular Q8. Given an arbitrary context free grammar G, we define L as below.L=(0+1)* if G is ambiguous And L=j if G is not ambiguous a. L is a context-free language b. L is recursive but not r.e. c. What L is depends on whether we can determine if G is ambiguous or not d. What L is is undecidable Q9. Given an arbitrary turing machine M and a string w we define L as below.L=(0*1)*0* if M halts on w And L=(0*1*)* if M does not halt on w a. The type of L is undecidable because of the halting problem b. L is a context-sensitive language c. L is recursively enumerable and not context-free d. L is context sensitive and not regular Q10. Consider the language L defined belowL=(0+1)* if P=NP And L=(a^nb^n|n>=1} otherwise a. Whether L is a regular set that is not context-free will be known after we resolve the P=NP question. b. Whether L is context-free but not regular will be known after we resolve the P=NP question c. L is context-sensitive d. L is not recursive Q11. It is undecidable if two cfls L1 and L2 are equivalent. Consider two cfls L1 and L2 and a language defined as followsL={a^nb^nc^n|n>=234} if L1=L2 And L={a^nb^nc^nd^n|n>=678} otherwise a. L is recursive b. L is context-free c. We can never say anything about L as it is undecidable d. L is regular Q12. At present it is not known if NP is closed under complementation.Consider L defined as below L={w wR w| w in (0+1+2)* and wR is the reverse of w} if NP is closed under complement And L = {a^nb^nc^nd^ne^n|n>=34567} otherwise a) L is recursive b) L is context-free and not context-sensitive c) L is recursively enumerable but not recursive d) We will be able to say something about L only after we resolve the NP complementation issue Q14. Nobody knows if P=NP at present. Consider a language L as defined belowL=(0+1)* if satisfiability is in P L=(0*1)0* if satisfiability is not in P L=(1*0)1* if 3-sat is in P L=(0*1*)* if 3-sat is not in P L=(0*1*0*1*)* if 0/1 knapsack problem is in P L=(1*0*1*0*)* if 0/1 knapsack problem is not in P L=(0*(00)*(1*11*)*) * if max-clique problem is in P L=(0*(00)*(1*11*)*) * if node-cover problem is not in P L=(0*1*)****(010)* if edge-cover problem is not in P L=(0* + 1* + (00)* + (11)*)*(0100101010)* if the chromatic problem is not in P What can we say about the string 0000111100001111=x a) x is always in L b) whether x is in L or not will be known after we resolve P=NP c) the definition of L is contradictory d) x can never be in L Q15. An arbitrary turing machine M will be given to you and we define a language L as followsL=(0+00)* if M accepts at least one string L=(0+00+000)* if M accepts at least two strings L=(0+00+000+0000)* if M accepts at least three strings --------- --------- L=(0+00+000+---+0^n) *if M accepts at least n-1 strings Choose the correct statement. a) We cannot say anything about L as the question of whether a turing machine accepts a string is undecidable b) L is context-sensitive but not regular c) L is context-free but not regular d) L is not a finite set Q16. We are given two context-free languages L1 and L2 and L defined as belowa) L=(0+1)* if L1=L2 b) L=((0+00+000)*(1+11+111)*)* if L1 is contained in L2 c) L=((0(10)*)*(1(01)*)* if L2 is contained in L1 d) L=(00+11+0+1)*(0+00+000)* if L1 and L2 are incomparable a) As all the conditions relating to L1 and L2 are undecidable we cannot say anything about L b) L is recursively enumerable c) L is recursive but not context-sensitive d) L is context-sensitive but not context-free e) L is context-free but not regular Q17. It is undecidable if an arbitrary cfl is inherently ambiguous. We are given a cfg G and the language L is defined as belowL= (0+1)*01(0+1)* U 1*0* if L(G) is inherently ambiguous L=(0+1)*10(0+1)* U 0*1* if L(G) is not inherently ambiguous Choose the incorrect statement a) L is regular b) L iscontext-free c) L is context-sensitive d) The above choices can be resolved only if we know if L(G) is inherently ambiguous or not Q18. We are given an arbitrary turing machine M and define the language L as belowL=(0*+1*)* if M halts on blank tape L=(0+1*)* if M ever prints a 1 L=(0*+1)* if M ever enters a designated state q L=((0+1+00+11+000+111)+)* if M accepts an infinite set L=0*(10*)* if M accepts a finite set L=1*(01*)* if M accepts exactly 45 strings Choose the correct statement with reference to the string x=00000111111000000111111 a) x is in L b) x is not in L c) we can never decide if x is in L as all the problems of the turing machine are undecidable d) whether x is in L depends on the particular turing machine M Q19. We are given a language L defined as followsL=(0+1)* if the Hamiltonian circuit problem is in P L=(0*1*+0)* if the Traveling salesman problem is not in P L=(0*1*1)*0* if the bin packing problem is in P a) the definition of L is contradictory b) What L is will be known after we resolve the P=NP question c) L if a finite set d) The string 01010101001010110010101 is in L Q20. The intersection of two cfls can simulate a turing machine computation. We are given two cfls L1 and L2 and define the language L as belowa) L=(00)* if the intersection of L1 and L2 is empty b) L=((0(00)*)(0(00)*))* if L1 is regular c) L=(00+0000+000000)* if L2 is not regular d) L=(00)*+(0000)* if the complement of L1 is a cfl a) L is a finite set b) L is a regular set c) L is undecidable d) L is recursive but not context-free |

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