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Agricultural Revolution In India

Agricultural Revolution In India

कृषि क्रांतियां ►
हरित क्रांति---------------खाद्यान्न उत्पादन
श्वेत क्रांति---------------दुग्ध उत्पादन
नीली क्रांति---------------मत्स्य उत्पादन
भूरी क्रांति---------------उर्वरक उत्पादन
रजत क्रांति---------------अंडा उत्पादन
पीली क्रांति---------------तिलहन उत्पादन
कृष्ण क्रांति---------------बायोडीजल उत्पादन
लाल क्रांति---------------टमाटर/मांस उत्पादन
गुलाबी क्रांति---------------झींगा मछली उत्पादन
बादामी क्रांति---------------मासाला उत्पादन
सुनहरी क्रांति---------------फल उत्पादन
अमृत क्रांति---------------नदी जोड़ो परियोजनाएं


Agricultural Revolutions in India marked the beginning of a completely new era in various socio-economic fields like agriculture, petroleum etc. Let see the important agricultural revolution of India,

Black Revolution
Related with Petroleum Production

The basic aim of Black Revolution is to increase the amount of Crude Oil (Petroleum) production. With this plan, the Government of India plans to accelerate the production of ethanol and to mix it up with petrol (upto 10%) and produce bio-diesel.

Blue Revolution
Related with Fish Production

The term “blue revolution” refers to the remarkable emergence of aquaculture as an important and highly productive agricultural activity. Aquaculture refers to all forms of active culturing of aquatic animals and plants, occurring in marine, brackish, or fresh waters.

Brown Revolution
Related with Leather, Cocoa

A `BROWN revolution’ is happening in the tribal areas of Visakhapatnam district. The tribal people are being taught, and encouraged, to grow “socially responsible and environment friendly” coffee to cater to the demand from developed countries.

The Coffee Board has embarked upon the challenging campaign of promoting the coffee grown in these remote areas as niche coffee for markets in the West. Niche coffee, determined by consistent quality and the socio-economic well-being of the local people, is a $55-billion market world-wide.

Golden Fibre Revolution
Related with Jute Production

Jute is called the “Golden Fibre of India” because India earns valuable foreign exchange by exporting Jute. Its fibre is used in manufacturing jute textiles and packing materials.

Jute requires a high temperature of 30°C and rainfall of more than 150 cm. Well drained fertile alluvial and loamy soils are ideal for cultivation of jute. Cheap and skilled labour is required to obtain the fibre by retting of the plant.

‘Retting’ is a microbiological process, which loosens the outer bark and makes it easier to remove fibres from the stalk. Plant is dipped in stagnant water for 2-3 weeks in order to soften the outer bark.

West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Orissa and Meghalaya are the major producers of jute.

Golden Revolution
Related with Overall Horticulture, Honey, Fruit Production

The rapid growth in the production of diverse horticultural crops such as fruits, vegetables, tuber crops, flowers, medicinal and aromatic plants, spices and plantation crops is known as Golden Revolution.

It led to Increase in production of fruits, vegetables, flowers, aromatic plants spices, etc. Golden Revolution made India a world leader in the production of mangoes, bananas, coconut and spices. Golden Revolution provided nutrition and sustainable livelihood options. In India, a period between 1991 – 2003 is termed as golden revolution.

Green Revolution
Related with Agriculture Production

The Green Revolution in India was a period when agriculture in India increased its yields due to improved agronomic technology. Green Revolution allowed developing countries, like India, to overcome poor agricultural productivity.

It started in India in the early 1960s and led to an increase in food grain production, especially in Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh during the early phase. The main development was higher-yielding varieties of wheat, which were developed by many scientists, including Indian geneticist M. S. Swaminathan,American agronomist Dr. Norman Borlaug, and others.

The introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds and the increased use of chemical fertilizers and irrigation led to the increase in production needed to make the country self-sufficient in food grains, thus improving agriculture in India.

Grey Revolution
Related with Fertilizers

Grey revolution is associated with increased fertilizer production, which basically means its related to the mal affects of the green revolution of India. But only zeroing down to fertiliser won’t be the appropriate thing. Because grey revolution includes everything that would take plave due to excessive green revolution. It is actually a glimpse of what can happen if the new agricultural equipments turn things wrong.

Pink Revolution
Related with meat and poultry

Related Different Types Of Water Based On Geological Formation Pink revolution is a term used to denote the technological revolution in the meat and poultry processing sector. A period in which the production of meat increases rapidly, including high export growth and better domestic production is known as the period of “Pink Revolution”.

In India, in past few years it has been noticed that the export of meat has increased at a swift pace because of increase in the number of slaughterhouses, subsidy given by the government to slaughterhouses and the high demand of Indian meat in Europe and Mid-East. This boom of meat production and export in India has been referred to as Pink Revolution of India.

Red Revolution
Related with Meat, Tomato Production

Red revolution is a term used to denote the technological revolution in the meat and Tomato production sector. A period in which the production of tomato increases rapidly, including high export growth and better domestic production is known as the period of “Red Revolution”.

Evergreen Revolution
Intended for overall agriculture production growth

Swaminathan coined the term ‘’Evergreen Revolution” to highlight the pathway of increasing production and productivity in a manner such that short and long term goals of food production are not mutually antagonistic. He wants to produce more from less, less land, less pesticide, less water and it must be an evergreen revolution to get sustainable agriculture.

He started working on three main areas in support of this revolution, better disease crops, better soil health and fertility without having to resort to chemical fertilizers and the use of biological controls to reduce damage caused by pests. In Industrial countries, they have three advantages: technology, capital and subsidies.

Round Revolution
Related with Potato Production

Round revolution is the revolution adopted by the Government of India for the increase in production of Potato. This revolution is aimed to make the production doubled or tripled instead of single annual increase.

Silver Fibre Revolution
Related with Cotton Production

In the year 1999-2000, the cotton area in our country was 87.30 lakh hectares and thereafter the area went down to 77.85 lakh hectares in the year 2003-04 and again come up to the level of 87.86 lakh hectares in the year 2004.05.

Due to good monsoon in major cotton growing parts of our country and the higher prices fetched by the farmers and large scale adoption of Bt hybrids more acreages were covered by cotton and in the year 2007-08, it has even increased the figures of 95.55 lakh hectares. Due to bumper production, India become the 2nd largest producer of cotton in the World beating USA.

Silver Revolution
Related with Egg Production

The silver revolution refers to the period in which the production of eggs was tremondously increased, it was done by the help of medical science and more protein rich food for the hens. It was same as the green and the white revolution India.

White Revolution
Related with Dairy, Milk Production

Verghese Kurien known as the Father of the White Revolution in India. He was a social entrepreneur whose “billion-litre idea”, Operation Flood – the world’s largest agricultural dairy development programme, made India the world’s largest milk producer, surpassing the United States of America by 1998, with about 17 percent of global output in 2010–11, from a milk-deficient nation, which doubled milk available per person within 30 years, and which made dairy farming India’s largest self-sustaining industry, with benefits of employment, incomes, credit, nutrition, education, health, gender parity & empowerment, breaking down caste barriers and grassroots democracy and leadership.

Operation Flood, launched in 1970, was a project of India’s National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), which was the world’s biggest dairy development program.

Yellow Revolution
Related with Oil Seed Production

Yellow revolution is the sudden increase in the production of edible oil due to plantation of Hybrid oil seed like mustard , seasme , etc. Basically yellow revolution.

The oilseeds production scenario in India has witnessed a dramatic turn. The country achieved a status of ‘self sufficient and net exporter’ during early nineties, rising from the ‘net importer’ state, with a mere annual production of nearly 11 million tonnes from the annual oilseed crops, uptil the year 1986,87.

In a span of just a decade, an all time record oilseeds production of 25 million tonnes from annual oilseed crops was attained during 1996,97. This transformation has been termed as “The Yellow Revolution” and could be primarily attributed to the institutional support, particularly the set up of the Technology Mission on Oilseeds in 1986.

20 Sep, 2020, 21:52:43 PM