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Soil and Water Conservation :- Forms of precipitation, Hydrologic
cycle, Point rainfall analysis, frequency analysis. Water shed-definition
and concept, agricultural Watersheds, prediction of peak runoff, factors
affecting runoff, Hydrograph, Concepts of unit and instantaneous
hydrographs. Erosion-type, affecting factors, damages associated with
erosion, assessment of actual annual soil loss by erosion and its impact on
agricultural production and productivity. Erosion control measures on
various classes of lands i.e. contour cultivation, Strip cropping, terracing,
afforestation, pastures etc. A critical analysis of the role of vegetation in
soil and water conservation, grassed water way and its design. Design of
gully control measures including permanent structures i.e. chute spillway,
Drop spillway, drop inlet spillway, retards and Stream Bank erosion,
flood routing, flood amelioration through soil and water management in
upstream zone, mechanics of wind and water erosion, wind erosion
control, water harvesting structures i.e. Khadin, Tanka, Nada and Anicut.
Irrigation-Soil-Water-Plant relationship, permeability, Infiltration,
Percolation, water requirements of crops and irrigation scheduling, direct
and indirect methods of soil moisture measurements, Measurements of
irrigation water-Orifice, Weirs, Notches, Parshall flumes, H-flumes etc.
Water conveyance and control, design of field channels and Canals,
Lacey and Kennedy theories, Most economical channel cross section.
Selection of underground pipe line structures and their design, irrigation
methods, their hydraulics and design viz-Border, Furrow, Flood, Drip and
sprinklers methods, concepts in irrigation efficiencies.
Drainage :- Benefits of drainage, Hydraulic conductivity, Drainable
porosity, Drainage Coefficient. Surface drainage, Drainage o flat and
slopping lands. Design of open ditches, their alignment and construction.
Design and layout of sub surface drains, depth and spacing of drains and
drainage outlets, installation of drains and drainage wells, drainage wells,
drainage of salt affected areas.
Pumps :- Design, Construction, Performance characteristics,
selection, installation, working principle and maintenance of
Reciprocating Pump, Centrifugal Pump, Turbine Pump, Submersible
Pump, Propellers, Jet and air left pumps and hydraulic ram.
Water Resources Development and Management :- Water
resources of India, Surface water, Ground water, development of
irrigation potential, Canal irrigation, Command area development, on
farm development works, acquifier parameters, Hydraulics of wells,
steady and unsteady flow, well log, construction of wells, Design of well
screen, well development.
Fluid Mechanics :- Fluid properties, units and dimensions, mass,
momentum and energy conservation principles, Navier stoke equation,
Vorticity-flow of fluids in pipes and channels, Friction factor, turbulence,
instruments, and measurement systems.
Surveying, Leveling and Land Development :- Linear
measurements, different surveying devices and methods, land grading and
leveling, contouring and terracing, each work estimation, Land
Development Budgeting, earth moving machinery and theodelite.


Agricultural Processing :- Various size reduction machinery and
energy requirement. Material Handing Equipment, Separation equipmentbased
on size shape and surface characteristics, Heating and Cooling of
food products, mode of heat transfer, different types of heat exchanges,
Psychrometry chart and its application in drying EMC and its
determination, Principles of drying and drying equipments, types of
evaporators, single and multiple effect evaporators, Refrigeration load
calculation, various milling process-Rice, maize, wheat, and pulse
milling, Parboiling of wheat and paddy. Storage of grains and their
design. Principles of food preservation and thermal processing.
Farm Electrification and machine :- AC-DC Machines, DOL
starter, Transformer, 3-phase Induction Motors and Alternators,
Transmission and distribution of electricity. Selection, Installation and
general cares of electric motors on farms, selection of wire sizes based on
Indian standards. Types of wiring and design of wiring systems, Rural
Farm Power :- Classification of Internal combustion (IC) engines
terminology, Otto diesel cycle, engine components, Fuel supply system,
Lubrication system. Cooling system and Governing system.
Types of Tractors, Brakes, Power Transmission system,
Differential, Mechanics of tractor chassis, Steering system, Hydraulic
system and selection of tractors.
Rural Housing :- Building materials and their properties, Design of
Beams, Slabs, Columns and foundations, Planning and design of Rural
houses, Farm Roads, Village drainage system, waste disposal and sanitary
structures, material and cost estimation in construction. Integrated Rural
energy planning and development.
Farm Machinery :- Types of hitching systems and hydraulic depth
and draft control Selection of sowing and planting equipment and their
calibration, Precision planting. Selection and calibration of Sprayers and
Dusters. Selection and operation principles of Harvesting and threshing
machines. Cost analysis of farm equipment and related numerical
Renewable Energy :- Solar Radiation-its measurement, solar
thermal devices and gadgets i.e. solar cooper, solar water heater, solar
dryer, solar refrigeration and Air conditions etc. Solar Photovoltaic
devices i.e. solar lantern, street light, power pack. Bio energy-production,
conversion and utilization route, Biogas-type classification and design of
Biogas Plant. Biomass gasification, Alcoholic fermentation (Ethanol and
Methanol Production) wind energy conversion process i.e., water
pumping, wind mills, and Aero generator. Fuel cell and other chemical
sources of energy.

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